History: About Panipat
According to the legend, Panipat was one of the five cities (Prastha) established by the Pandava brothers during the Mahabharata. Its historical name is Panduprasath. Panipat witnesses three major battles in Indian history. The first battle of Panipat was fought on 21 April 1526 between the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi and Babur. Babur’s army defeated more than one lakh soldiers of Ibrahim. Thus the first battle of Panipat ended the ‘Lodi dynasty’ established by Bahlul Lodi in India.
The second battle of Panipat was fought between Akbar and Emperor Hem Chandra Vikramaditya on 5 November 1556, Emperor Hem Chandra was the king of North India and belonged to Rewari in Haryana. Hem Chandra defeated the forces of Akbar and captured the large kingdoms of Agra and Delhi. This king is also known as Vikramaditya. This king had won 22 wars against Afghan rebels from Punjab to Bengal from 1553–1556 and had his coronation at Purana Qila in Delhi on 7 October 1556 and established the ‘Hindu Raj’ in North India before the Second Battle of Panipat. was. Hem Chandra had a large army, and initially his army was winning, but suddenly an arrow was struck in Hemu’s eye and he lost his senses. Not seeing his king on the back of an elephant, his army fled. He was later captured by the Mughals and beheaded. His head was sent to Kabul for Delhi Darwaza and his torso was hung outside Purana Qila in Delhi. This second battle of Panipat temporarily ended the ‘Hindu Raj’ established by Hemu in North India.
The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761 between the Marathas under the Afghan invader Ahmed Shah Abdali and Sadashivrao Bhau Peshwa of Pune. This battle was won by Ahmed Shah Abdali defeating Sadashivrao Bhau. This defeat was the worst defeat of Marathas in history. This war gave birth to a new power, which has since opened the way for the victory of the British in India. Famous Urdu poet Maulana Hali was also born in Panipat.